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Les églises en bois debout

Le bois de Norvège
À une certaine époque, on trouvait des églises en bois debout artistiquement sculpté dans de nombreuses régions de l’Europe du Nord-Ouest. Aujourd’hui, elles sont presque toutes situées exclusivement en Norvège.
Borgund stave church with headstones in front and trees and hills in the back
Borgund stave church in Lærdal.
Photo: Øyvind Heen / Visitnorway.com

Au Moyen-Age, d’immenses cathédrales de pierre ont été construites dans de nombreux pays d’Europe. En Norvège, une technique similaire a été utilisée pour l’architecture en bois.

Art viking

Grâce à l’intérêt des Vikings pour la construction des bateaux et des maisons, la technique et la tradition de la sculpture sur bois ont continué à se développer. Le travail du bois a atteint son apogée avec les églises en bois debout.

Il existe plusieurs types d’églises en bois debout, ou stavkirke, mais elles ont toutes en commun des poteaux d’angle (stavers) et une charpente de bois avec des planches murales posées sur des pièces d’assise. Leurs murs ainsi construits sont connus sous le nom de murs en bois debout, d’où le nom d’église en bois debout.

Heddal, Notodden
Heddal, Notodden.
Photo: Johan Berge / Visitnorway.com

Les portes en bois et les faîtages des églises sont magnifiquement sculptés. Les décorations représentent une combinaison étonnante de motifs d’inspiration chrétienne et d’animaux et de dragons, souvent présumés être des motifs vikings de l’ère préchrétienne.

Ouvert au public

Aujourd'hui, 28 églises en bois debout (également appelées églises à piliers de bois ou stavkirke) se dressent sur le sol norvégien. Comme vous pouvez le constater sur la carte ci-dessous, la majorité d’entre elles se concentrent à l’intérieur du pays, en Norvège de l'Est et en Norvège des Fjords.

La plupart d’entre elles sont ouvertes au public en été, et certaines accueillent les visiteurs tout au long de l’année.

Les églises en bois debout préservées en Norvège

ÉGLISES EN BOIS DEBOUT PRESERVEES A CE JOUR
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Hedalen Stave Church
Visit Heddal Stavkirke - the largest stave church in Norway. Read more
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Lomen Stave Church
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Reinli Stave Church
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Torpo Stave Church Ål in Hallingdal
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Ål Stave Church Museum
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Øye Stave Church
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